Reproduced from the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). © NFPA.
Smoke alarms are a key part of a home fire escape plan. When there is a fire, smoke spreads fast. Working smoke alarms give you early warning so you can get outside quickly. Today’s smoke alarms will be more technologically advanced to respond to a multitude of fire conditions yet mitigate false alarms.
Where to Install Alarms
- Large homes may need extra smoke alarms.
- A closed door may slow the spread of smoke, heat, and fire. Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room and outside each separate sleeping area.
- Install alarms on every level of the home, including the basement.
- Smoke alarms should be interconnected. When one sounds, they all sound.
- A smoke alarm should be on the ceiling or high on a wall. Keep smoke alarms away from the kitchen to reduce false alarms. They should be at least 10 feet (3 meters) from the stove.
Testing & Replacing Alarms
- Test all smoke alarms at least once a month. Press the test button to be sure the alarm is working. Replace all smoke alarms when they are 10 years old.
- Smoke alarms are an important part of a home fire escape plan.
People who are hard-of-hearing or deaf can use special alarms. These alarms have strobe lights and bed shakers.